Adenomyosis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

The womb of a woman has different parts. The inner part (endometrium) and muscle later (myometrium). Adenomyosis is a medical condition, whereby glands & tissues from this inner layer (endometrium) are found in the muscle layer (myometrium).

This condition is commonly found in women with more than one children, between the ages of 30s or early 40s.

What is Adenomyosis?

Adenomyosis is a medical condition in women that results from the movement of the soft endometrial tissue (the tissue that is normally found inside the womb), to the muscles layer of the womb. This tissues, despite moving from the inside to the muscle of the womb, still continues to act normally as though it is still inside the womb, thickening, breaking down and bleeding, like in every menstrual cycle. This can give rise to a swollen abdomen due to an enlarged uterus and painful, heavy periods.

Adenomyosis
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Causes of Adenomyosis

It is not clear yet, what causes adenomyosis, but the condition normally regresses following menopause.

Symptoms of Adenomyosis

Due to this endometrial tissues found in the myometrium, a lady may have symptoms such as:

all as a result of bleeding within the myometrium.

Treatment of Adenomyosis

Any woman with this condition should see a doctor immediately, especially if you have prolonged, heavy menstrual bleeding during your menstrual periods that affects with your regular activities. Your doctor would examine you and then guide you on the best possible treatment option for you.

Available options includes:
Medication: such as contraceptives,
Surgery: the removal of the womb, known as hysterectomy is the only permanent treatment. This should only be considered if you feel you have completed your family line and you do not wish to get pregnant again.

Note that, immediately you stop taking your treatments, the symptoms would return immediately.

Complications of Adenomyosis

As a result of the prolonged, heavy menstrual bleeding seen in this condition, you may develop anemia (of chronic disorders), which may cause fatigue and other health problems.

Remember to always see your doctor whenever you notice any changes in your body.

Feel free to ask any questions below.

Authors

  • Amaeze Victor Ogechukwu attended the College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, UNTH in Ituku Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria.

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