Chronic Pelvic Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Chronic pelvic pain in a young lady may not always be infection, what else can it be? Chronic Pelvic Pain is a common condition among women, which brings a lot of discomfort and has a major impact on their quality of life, including workplace activities. About one in ten women in our country has complaints pain in the pelvic area. It can be very excruciating and unbearable at other times.

There was this lady we saw some time ago, She came to us with complaint of this excruciating lower abdominal pain on both sides that has refused to leave her for about 14 months. She had done abdominal scan and series of lab tests and they told her she had tubo-ovarian abscess (a form of Ovarian Cyst).

Read about Ovarian Cysts here.

She’s had more than 6 full courses of different antibiotic regimens all to no avail. Her fiance recently broke up with her as a result, because to him, she was cheating and that’s how she got infected.

She was totally fed up but in all these, she’d never seen a specialist. After evaluation, turned out she had ‘chocolate cysts’, a form of endometriosis. You can read more about Endometriosis here.

Today, we would talk about Chronic Pelvic Pain, and other possible causes of this pain in women that has lasted for a long duration.

What is Chronic pelvic pain

Chronic Pelvic Pain is that intermittent or constant pain that is felt by a woman in her lower abdomen or pelvis for at least 6 months or more. This pain is seen both when she is menstruating as well as when she is not, and it is not linked with sexual intercourse or pregnancy’.

Chronic Pelvic Pain
CPP can be very excruciating and unbearable at other times. Image credits: Cleveland Clinics

Note that:

Causes of Chronic Pelvic Pain

Chronic Pelvic Pain can be caused by a number of medical conditions such as:

Symptoms of Chronic Pelvic Pain

CPP is itself a symptom of some other underlying medical condition that might be causing the pain, such as those mentioned above.

Treatment for Chronic Pelvic Pain

The treatment of CPP depends on the cause. Any woman having pelvic or lower abdominal pain for over 6 months, should see a doctor (particularly a gynaecologist) for assessment.

Your doctor would guide you on the best possible option for you.

Generally, treatment options includes:

  • general health advice,
  • Use of analgesics: pain reliever to manage the pains,
  • hormonal therapies and
  • surgery.

The option that would be used depends on the conditions causing the pain, and is different from patient to patient.

In summary, you should always consult your doctor whenever you notice anything unusual in your body.

Feel free to ask questions below.


  • Amaeze Victor Ogechukwu attended the College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, UNTH in Ituku Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria.

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