Male Infertility: Causes, Treatments, Prevention


Male infertility also known as male factor infertility refers to a number of conditions and factors that can affect the ability of a man to get a woman pregnant.
Know that infertility can either be due to factors in the man or in the woman.

What Is Male Infertility?

It’s any health issue in a man that reduces his chances of getting a woman pregnant.

How Does A Man Get A Partner Pregnant?

  1. He must produce Healthy sperms.
  2. Sperms have to be carried in Semen. Sperms produced in the testes needs to mix with semen before being ejaculated out of the penis.
  3. There has to be Enough sperm in the semen. If the number of sperms in the semen is low, it reduces a man’s chances. i.e “Low Sperm Count“.
  4. Sperms must be Functional and able to Move. Swim fast and penetrate an egg.
male Infertility
Infertility can be caused by a number of factors from either the male or female partner.

For more explanation on these and to see the normal sperm count, click here to read on Seminal Fluid Analysis.

Causes Of Male Infertility

  1. Drug Use: Drugs such as cocaine and marijuana reduces the number and quality of sperms.
  2. Alcohol Use: Excessive alcohol use can lower testosterone level causing reduced sperm production.
  3. Obesity: Obesity can cause hormonal changes in males. See what obesity is and other problems associated with obesity here.
  4. Tobacco Smoking: Men who smoke may have lower sperm count compared to those who don’t smoke. Smoking includes “Shisha” and staying near someone that smokes. This is known as passive smoking or second hand smoke.
  5. Over Heating the Testicles: High temperature reduces sperm production and function. Wearing tight boxers, Sitting for a long period of time, working with a laptop on your lap etc.

Prevention Of Male Infertility

  1. Don’t smoke or stay near anyone that does
  2. Reduce alcohol intake
  3. Reduce weight
  4. Reduce stress
  5. Don’t do drugs!
  6. Don’t wear tight inner wears

And make sure you have had constant unprotected sex with your partner for at least 1year!

Note: I left out the medical causes of Male Infertility. That’s a discussion for another day.


  • Dr. Echibuogu Nelson Tochukwu currently works as a medical officer at Prince Of Peace Specialist Hospital in Lagos. He holds an MBBS Degree from the Abia State University. He is a story teller, script writer and a lover of sport. You can follow him on twitter below.

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